Ruby on Rails – Installation using RVM

Ruby Version Manager (RVM) is a command-line tool which allows you to easily install, manage, and work with multiple ruby environments from interpreters to sets of gems.

Steps for Installation
Open terminal and run following commands.

  • Step 1
    $ sudo apt-get install build-essential git-core curl
  • Step 2
    RVM Installation
    $ curl -L get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  • Step 3
    $ echo ‘[[ -s “$HOME/.rvm/scripts/rvm” ]] && source “$HOME/.rvm/scripts/rvm”‘ >> ~/.bashrc
  • Step 4
    $ ~/.bashrc
  • Step 5
    $ . ~/.bashrc
  • Step 6
    Check requirements for Ruby
    $ rvm requirements
  • Step 7
    Install requirements of Ruby by RVM
    $ sudo apt-get install build-essential openssl libreadline6 libreadline6-dev curl git-core zlib1g zlib1g-dev libssl-dev libyaml-dev libsqlite3-dev sqlite3 libxml2-dev libxslt-dev autoconf libc6-dev ncurses-dev automake libtool bison subversion pkg-config
  • Step 8
    Install Ruby with 1.9.3 version
    $ rvm install 1.9.3
  • Step 9
    Check Rubygems version. Its installed with Ruby.
    $ gem -v
    1.8.24
  • Step 9
    Install Rails latest version
    $ rvm gem install rails
  • Step 10
    Check version of Ruby, Rails and Rubygems
    $ ruby -v
    ruby 1.9.3p194 (2012-04-20 revision 35410) [i686-linux]
    $ gem -v
    1.8.24
    $ rails -v
    Rails 3.2.8

Installation is complete. Now try RoR Apps.
If you find any error between steps then share it as comments.
Thanks for using this post.

Ruby on Rails

What is Rails?Ruby on Rails

Rails is a web development framework written in the Ruby language. It is designed to make programming web applications easier by making several assumptions about what every developer needs to get started. It allows you to write less code while accomplishing more than many other languages and frameworks. Longtime Rails developers also report that it makes web application development more fun. Rails is opinionated software. That is, it assumes that there is a best way to do things, and it’s designed to encourage that best way – and in some cases discourage alternatives. If you learn “The Rails Way” you’ll probably discover a tremendous increase in productivity. If you persist in bringing old habits from other languages to your Rails development, and trying to use patterns you learned elsewhere, you may have a less happy experience. The Rails philosophy includes several guiding principles:

  • DRY – “Don’t Repeat Yourself” – suggests that writing the same code over and over again is a bad thing.
  • Convention Over Configuration – means that Rails makes assumptions about what you want to do and how you’re going to do it, rather than letting you tweak every little thing through endless configuration files.
  • REST is the best pattern for web applications – organizing your application around resources and standard HTTP verbs is the fastest way to go.

The MVC Architecture

Rails is organized around the Model, View, Controller architecture, usually just called MVC. MVC benefits include:

  • Isolation of business logic from the user interface
  • Ease of keeping code DRY
  • Making it clear where different types of code belong for easier maintenance

Models

A model represents the information (data) of the application and the rules to manipulate that data. In the case of Rails, models are primarily used for managing the rules of interaction with a corresponding database table. In most cases, one table in your database will correspond to one model in your application. The bulk of your application’s business logic will be concentrated in the models.

Views

Views represent the user interface of your application. In Rails, views are often HTML files with embedded Ruby code that performs tasks related solely to the presentation of the data. Views handle the job of providing data to the web browser or other tool that is used to make requests from your application.

Controllers

Controllers provide the “glue” between models and views. In Rails, controllers are responsible for processing the incoming requests from the web browser, interrogating the models for data, and passing that data on to the views for presentation.

The Components of Rails

Rails provides a full stack of components for creating web applications, including:

  • Action Controller
  • Action View
  • Active Record
  • Action Mailer
  • Active Resource
  • Railties
  • Active Support

Action Controller

Action Controller is the component that manages the controllers in a Rails application. The Action Controller framework processes incoming requests to a Rails application, extracts parameters, and dispatches them to the intended action. Services provided by Action Controller include session management, template rendering, and redirect management.

Action View

Action View manages the views of your Rails application. It can create both HTML and XML output by default. Action View manages rendering templates, including nested and partial templates, and includes built-in AJAX support.

Active Record

Active Record is the base for the models in a Rails application. It provides database independence, basic CRUDfunctionality, advanced finding capabilities, and the ability to relate models to one another, among other services.

Action Mailer

Action Mailer is a framework for building e-mail services. You can use Action Mailer to send emails based on flexible templates, or to receive and process incoming email.

Active Resource

Active Resource provides a framework for managing the connection between business objects an RESTful web services. It implements a way to map web-based resources to local objects with CRUD semantics.

Railties

Railties is the core Rails code that builds new Rails applications and glues the various frameworks together in any Rails application.

Active Support

Active Support is an extensive collection of utility classes and standard Ruby library extensions that are used in the Rails, both by the core code and by your applications.